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cofee plant arabica C. canephora Rubiaceae

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Coffea arabica var. C. arabica var. bourbon, and C. canephora, C. arabica, arabica coffee, C. canephora robusta are all varieties of Coffee plnats. A small to medium sized tree up to 50 ft (15 m), but usually restricted to 4 to 6 ft (1.2-1.8 m) with pruning. The fruit is a drupe and called a cherry. Each fruit containes 2 seeds. Seeds are 5/16 to ½ inches (8-13 mm) long with grooved, flat surfaces facing each other; the other surface is convex. Fruit usually have a red peel, although yellow types exist. Rubiaceae, Coffee is usually grown under shaded conditions but may be grown in full sun. Optimum growing conditions include temperatures from 59 to 75°F (15-24°C), high humidity, and protection from windy conditions. Temperatures above 77°F (25°C) slow growth, and leaves are damaged at temperatures above 86°F (30°C). Constant, large fluctuations in daily temperatures, and constant temperatures at or below 41°F (5°C) may cause leaf drop and tree decline. Coffee plants may be damaged or killed by freezing temperatures. In the tropics or warm subtropics, coffee is grown at high altitudes (up to about 3,500 ft; 1,100 m) where temperatures are moderate and never freezing.

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This product was added to our catalog on Thursday 30 December, 2010.