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loquat tree Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.

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Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl., Crataegus bibas, Mespilus japonicus, Photinia japonica, Common Names include: Japanese plum, Japanese medlar, nispero japones, ameixa do Japao, luju, lokwat Maylay and Indonesian. Loquat trees are evergreen, have a short trunk, and may reach 20 to 35 ft in height.They have a rounded to upright canopy. Fruit are pomes, held in clusters of 4 to 30, oval to rounded to pear-shaped, 2 to 5 cm long and weigh an average of 30 to 40 g; some cultivars up to 70 g. The peel is smooth to slightly downy, light yellow to orange. The pulp is white to light yellow to orange, 6.7 to 17°Brix, sweet to sub acid, and juicy. There may be 1 to 10 dark brown seeds. Loquats may be found growing from 20° to 35°N and are best adapted to subtropical and warm temperate climates. Loquat is a subtropical evergreen fruit tree that blooms in the fall and early winter and is harvested during the spring. The environmental factor or factors responsible for flower induction are not known, although a cessation of growth prior to the fall/winter flowering is essential.

The optimum climate appears to be where trees stop vegetative growth during the early fall, perhaps due to cool temperatures and/or dry soil conditions. This is followed by continued cool but non-freezing temperatures during the winter, and warming temperatures during the spring. In some areas, loquat trees grow well but the bloom or developing fruit are damaged or killed by winter or spring frosts.

Loquat trees are very cold tolerant and may withstand temperatures down to 8° to 10°F. However, the flowers and fruit are killed by temperatures below 27°F. Temperatures above 95°F may negatively affect loquat tree growth.

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This product was added to our catalog on Tuesday 04 January, 2011.